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2013年12月大学英语四级翻译模拟试题及答案

www.cnwyedu.com 2013-11-28 9:46:05 编辑:lee
[导读] 今天我们为大家整理了2013年12月英语四级模拟试题及答案(翻译),仅供参考!!

1.(这个计划成功的关键) ___________is good planning.
  2. The specific use of leisure______(每一人都不同)
  3. The ship ' s generator broke down and the pumps____________________( 不得不用手工操作 ) instead of mechanically.
  4. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used______________( 习惯了学生迟到 ) his lecture.
  5. I prefer to communicate with my customers ______( 通过写电子邮件而不是打电话)
  6. After the terrorist attack, tourists ______ ( 被劝告暂时不要去该国旅游)
  7.( 他把自己奉献于社区工作 ) ______ and is passionate about what he is doing.
  8. Man should not exploit the natural resources ______ ( 以牺牲其他物种为代价 ).
  9. When Sandy recovered from cancer, her doctor ______ ( 把此归因于她对未来的信念 ).
  10. At the end of his speech, the school master encouraged the children to work hard ______ ( 不要让父母失望 ).
  11. In the budget for this building, they failed to __( 考虑价格增长的因素 ).
  12. Only after I slapped him on the back ____( 他才发现我并高兴得叫起来 ).
  13. I didn ' t even speak to him, ____( 更不用说与他讨论事情 ).
  14. Some young people would rather try hard themselves to go through life than _____( 求助于他们的父母 ) with a sense of guilt.
  15. The victim _____( 本来有机会活下来 ) if he had been taken to hospital in time .
  Answer:
  1. The key to the success of this project
  「超级单词」key除作名词"钥匙"外,后接介词to,表示"……的钥匙,……的答案,……的关键".
  2. from individual to individual.
  「超级短语」不及物动词vary 的用法。搭配为:vary …… from …… to 各不相同。
  3. had to be operated manually
  「超级短语」have to通常指由于客观原因则不得不做某事,意思为"不得不". 其否定形式意思是"不一定"或"没有必要".
  4. to students' being late for
  「超级句型」be used to+doing/noun,表示过去习惯于做某事。used to+do,表示过去有规律的习惯性动作或状态,而现在已不存在了。
  「超级短语」be late for,迟到。
  「超级句型」one's doing,非谓语动词的复合结构。
  5. via E-mail instead of telephone
  「超级短语」Instead of 的意思是"代替……"、"而不……",后面常跟名词、代词和动名词,偶尔也跟复合结构6. should adapt himself to  「超级句型」suggest作"建议"时,其宾语从句中要用虚拟句型"suggest that sb.(should)do sth."结构;从suggest还可以联想到宾语从句中同样要用虚拟语气的相关动词如:inssist,demand,order,ask,advise等。
  「超级短语」adapt oneself to 使自己适应或习惯于,其他搭配: adapt from 根据……改写/改编
  7. remembering all my life  「超级单词」Be worth doing……/值得做某事,还有说法是worth sth. 如:He is worth the praise.
  8. neither will they  「超级单词」neither表示"两者都不", 表示"也"、"也不" 的句子要部分倒装。如:If you won't go, neither will I.
  9. wondering about his real purpose  「超级单词」leave sb doing 让继续处于某种状态;leave sb to do sth 让某人干某事
  10. followed my advice, you would not be in trouble now.  「超级句型」虚拟语气在if 引导的条件句中的用法
  从句:if + 主语+ 动词的过去式(be 用were) + ……
  主句:主语+ would (should, could , might) + 动词原形+ ……
  11. lose contact with  「超级短语」lose contact with/lose touch with与……失去联系
  12. are being developed  「超级句型」"be being done"现在进行时的被动语态表示此时此刻某事正在被做。其中动词be应随主语作相应变化。
  13. has a strong influence on/effect on
  「超级短语」influence/effect作名词(常与on连用)对……有影响力。
  influence指"通过说服、举例等对行动、思想、性格等产生不易觉察到的,潜移默化的影响",如:Influenced by a high-school biology teacher, he took up the study of medicine.
  effect指"实现"、"达成",着重"造成"一种特殊的效果,如:This book effected a change in my opinion.
  14. can't have been cleaned  「超级句型」"情态动词+have done"表示推测,must/can/may/might/could各用于不同句型中,must只用于肯定句中,can/could不能用于肯定句中,may/might不能用于疑问句中。can't表示不可能,may not表示可能不。如题中推测的为过去的事情,情态动词后则用完成形式。
  15. watched her injured son sent into the operation room.  「超级句型」see/watch……sb./sth.+done强调某动作的全过程,且宾语和动作间是被动关系.

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